Thursday, April 27, 2017

Cagayan de Oro Philippine-American War Memorial

“Plaza de los Heroes” is a memorial dedicated to the heroic sons and daughters of Cagayan de Misamis (the former name of Cagayan de Oro) who made sacrifices or shed their blood during the Philippine-American War at the turn of the 20th century or the year 1900. It is situated beside the office of Pueblo de Oro near Shoemart along Masterson Ave., Upper Carmen, Cagayan de Oro.

The defeat of Spain in the Spanish-American War forced it to sign with the United States the Treaty of Paris on December 10, 1898, ending the war and ceding to the latter Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines. The United States annexed the Philippines after paying Spain the sum of $20,000,000 as compensation. Emilio Aguinaldo whose Filipino forces were instrumental in the defeat of the Spaniards took the opportunity to proclaim the First Philippine Republic and made himself the president. However, his authority was not recognized by the Americans who now considered the Philippines under their rule. With a fledgling government undermined with the presence of American forces who wanted absolute control of the country, Aguinaldo declared war against the Americans on June 2, 1899, and a full blown war followed.  

In the province of Misamis and the town of Cagayan de Misamis, the leaders of these places pledged their allegiance to the First Philippine Republic after the defeat of the Spaniards. And torn between the issues of their allegiance to Aguinaldo’s government and the American occupation, civil officials and prominent citizens of Cagayan de Misamis met on January 1, 1900 in Club Popular, the present day location of Saint Augustine Maternity and General Hospital, to take a common stand on the matter. In that meeting, they agreed to sign the Pact of Resistance to American colonial rule.  

American forces arrived in Cagayan de Misamis on March 30, 1900. Their presence created a tense situation where an armed confrontation between them and Filipino forces in Cagayan de Misamis under Gen. Nicolas Capistrano was inevitable. As expected, bloody battles happened between the two forces in an area at Saint Augustine Cathedral on April 3, 1900, in Agusan Hill on May 14, 1900 and in Makahambus Hill on June 4, 1900. In these battles many Kagay-anon fighters were either killed or wounded.

The main feature of the memorial is the three trapezoid shaped concrete vertical slabs which are installed at an angle with each other. The slabs are inlaid with granite tiles on which the names of the Kagay-anon heroes of the war are inscribed in color gold. Those vertical structures stand on a concrete circular base, several lampposts adorn the structures. The memorial was inaugurated on June 4, 2004.

List of people in the memorial include those with surnames that are common or prominent in the city, and there are other surnames that are rarely borne among the populace at present. The list and other data that are found in the monument are said to be taken from the manuscript of Filomeno M. Bautista in his “Philippine Revolution of Misamis Oriental Province”.

Following are names and other information that are inscribed in the memorial:

                                 The Heroes in the Battle of Cagayan de Misamis

Maj. Ramon Neri Liñan, Capt. Bernardino Cabañeros, Capt. Clemente Chacon, Capt. Apolinar Pabayo, Lt. Pablo Lago, Lt. Braulio Sacala, Lt. Florencio Zulueta, Doroteo Abalde, Eugenio Adubas, Fabian Atingas, Enecerio Baaclo, Celedonio Baang, Francisco Baguchay, Juan Baguchay, Doroteo Beja, Ciriaco Bongado, Doroteo Caingin, Emeterio Caingin, Juan Caingin, Segundo Caingin, Juan Comendador, Cirilo Dacer, Potenciano Dakilog, Bartolome Disalan, Gregorio Ebari, Jacinto Ebari, Lorenzo Ebari, Mariano Ebari, Silverio Ebari, Pedro Echem, Fortunato Emano, Eulogio Esmadre, Benito Jabiniao, Benedicto Labnao, Feliciano Liñan, Victoriano Lumban, Francisco Nacnac, Francisco Natimdim, Casiano Neri, Casiano Oco, Cenon Pabayo, Eleno Pacapat, Doroteo Pacheco, Evaristo Pacheco, Eugenio Pacheco, Mariano Pacheco, Doroteo Pacturanan, Vicente Pacupat, Marcelino Paison, Miguil Pactain, Juan Salda, Ambrosio Sambaan, Eustaquio Talaquig, Celedonio Wabe
                                                Men of the Mindanao Battalion

Lt. Jose Racines Roa, Sgt. Antonio Antig, Sgt. Saturnino Neri, Blas Abas, Demetrio Almonia, Tomas Bajarla, Saturnino Bugahat, Pablo But-an, Enecerio Dakut, Dalmacio Echem, Santos Maandig, Inocencio Mabulay, Arcadio Mabalacad, Pedro Mongonoya, Crisanto Neri, Matias Neri, Regalado Oco, Francisco Paasa, Eleno Pislong, Alejandro Ramonal, Braulio Tabantaban, Pio Yare

                                                   Women of the Revolution

 Arcadia Valenzuela and her troops of women warriors from Lapasan, Cecilia Castañeda Capistrano, the “Inspiration of the Revolution”, and Bartola, Anastacia and Placida Eblacas of Kibawe, Libona, Bukidnon who treated and fed the revolutionaries.

     The civilians in the revolution who gave material and logistical support to the Kagay-anon warriors

Fabian Abellanosa, Fausto Bandialan, Juan Bautista, Ramon Chaves, Toribio Chavez, Manuel R. Corrales, Julian Eblacas, Paulino Eblacas, Quintino Eblacas, Isabelo Gonzales, Hilario Mandar, Nicasio Nagales, Anastasio San Jose Neri, Policarpio Neri, Vicente Neri, Mundo Reyes (Camiguin), Timoteo Baz, Placido Reyes (Camiguin), Vicente Rivera, Pedro R. Roa, Alejo Seriña (Opol), Guillermo Yacapin (Libona)

                                                    Financiers of the revolution

Tirso R. Neri, Jose C. Roa, Cipriano A. Vamenta, Pio A. Roa

                                                  Heroes of the Battle of Agusan Hill

1st Company, Mindanao Battalion:

Capt. Vicente R. Roa, Lt. Nemesio Yamomo, Sgt. Uldarico Akut, Sgt. Zosimo Roa, Cpl. Maximo Roa, Domingo Abanador, Dionesio Abas, Edmidio Abejuela, Clemente Achas, Filomeno Achas, Gimeno Achas, Pablo Achas, Filomeno Buzon, Fausto Cabacungan, Emeterio Cuares, Vicente Dacubar, Juan Daumar, Sotero Daumar, Leoncio Echem, Pedro Echem, Juan German, Inocencio Mabulay, Agapito Mabulay, Felix Mabulay, Silverio Mabulay, Pio Nana, Canuto Quina, Santiago Raagas, Valeriano Raagas, Casiano Rabadan, Feliciano Rabadan, Domingo Raloso, Andres Roa, Severino Sabalo, Felix Sabanal, Herminigildo Sabanal, Benito Salcedo, Tomas Saco, Anastasio Santua, Guillermo de la Serna, Pastor Soilon, Mateo Tabalon, Rafael Tabalon, Inocentes Ualo, Enrique Ubaldo, Francisco Velez, Sixto  Velez, Alberto Villases, Marciano Yaminyamin

The Macheteros:

Doroteo Abejo, Zoilo Alar, Fructuoso Emano, Lucas Emano, Francisco Ergina, Canuto Galles, Basilio Jamil, Frutuoso Lagarit, Leon Lucaban, Alejandro Mologan, Juan Pijo, Castor Soilon

                         The Heroes in the Battle of Macahambus Hill June 4, 1900

Capt. Cruz Taal, Lt. Miguel Puano, Juan Janola, Lucio Labitad, Gabino Lumindas, Apolinar Nacalaban

The officers during the Philippine-American War in Cagayan de Misamis

Commander in Chief                                     Gen. Nicolas Capistrano
Aide de Camp                                                 1st Lt. Bernardino Neri
On Special Detail                                            2nd Lt. Juanito Valmores
Secretary to the General                               Santiago del Castillo
Asst. Commander in Chief                             Maj. Justo Gaerlan
Aide de Camp                                                  2nd Lt. Juan Roa Valdeconcha

Mindanao Battalion (All Infantry)

Battalion Commander                                      Maj. Apolinar Velez
Aide de Camp                                                    2nd Lt. Clemente Chavez

1st Company Commander                                Capt. Vicente R. Roa
Senior Officer                                                    1st Lt. Jose R. Roa
Junior Officer                                                     2nd Lt. Cruz Taal

2nd Company Commander                                 Capt. Gregorio Chacon
Senior Officer                                                     1st Lt. Bernardino Neri

Quarter Master
Chief Quarter Master                                         Maj. Cayetano Pacana
Asst. Quarter Master                                          Capt Fausto del Prado
Admin Officer                                                       1st Lt. Filomeno Bacarrisas

Medical Corps
Chief Surgeon                                                        Capt. Sancho Baviera
Asst. Surgeon                                                         1st Lt. Vicente Espedido

 Cavalry Division

Commander                                                              1st Lt. Agripino Bautista
Asst. Commander                                                    2nd Lt. Jose Corrales
Non Commissioned Officer                                    Sgt. Uldarico Akut


Battalion Commander                                               Maj. Ramon N. Liñan
Asst. Commander                                                      Capt. Gil S. Pacana

 1st Company Commander                                        Capt. Apolinario Pabayo
Asst. Commander                                                      Lt. Clemente Pabayo

2nd Company Commander                                         Capt. Zoilo Mercado
Asst. Commander                                                       Lt. Florencio Zulueta

3rd Company Commander                                          Capt. Anastasio Pimentel
Asst. Commander                                                        Lt. Juan Waga

4th Company Commander                                           Capt. Bernardino Cabañeros
Asst. Commander                                                         Lt. Pablo Lago

5th Company Commander                                            Capt. Tomas Olango
Asst. Commander                                                          Lt. Bernardo Sacala

6th Company Commander                                             Capt. Pedro V. Valdehueza
Asst. Commander                                                           Lt. Pedro Agapay

7th Company Commander                                              Capt. Clemente Chacon
Asst. Commander                                                            Lt. Eustaquio Caballero

The memorial was constructed through the effort of the following persons and entities: National Historical Institute, Mayor Vicente Emano and the members of the City Council, Atty. Pureza N. Ramos, Agnes P.R. Roa, Sandy Bass Sr., Thaddeus Bautista, Ramon Chaves and the Kagay-anon Heritage Foundation.

Related Posts:
Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War (Part 1- The Battle of Cagayan de Misamis)
Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War (Part 2- The Battle of Agusan Hill)
Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War (Part 3- The Battle of Makahambus Hill)
Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War (Part 4- American Victory)
Macahambus Cave and Gorge